His candidacy for the Presidency was literally carved in stone as soon as he declared he was a candidate for the top post in the Tanzanian government. Known as a man of impeccable character and employing devious tactics to spot corruption, John Magafuli was determined to stand by his election promise  and that was to end corruption.

Corruption and skullduggery are nothing new in politics and  from the African perspective  , corruption is  known to play a major role in many African countries. Tanzania is by contrast one of the few states on the continent that has had a stable government, free from internal and civil strife compared to many of its neighbors.

The ruling party,  the  CCM  or the People”s Revolution Party has been in power since independence from the 1960s and successive leaders have been President. The  opposition leader came from the CCM party but failed to convince the people he was not in bed with corruption. Mr Magafuli got 56% of the electorate  making him a popular President. 

On the night of his  election victory he tweeted the following statement- : “This day is big and very important in my life. On my birthday, I have got approval from Tanzanians to lead them in the position of president.”  

He did not pause to reflect on his party’s motto , instead he started off sprinting.

  At the opening of Parliament, a banquet would have cost $300m. President Magulufi cut the budget to 25m and ordered that the rest be taken to buy hospital beds for Muhimbili. The money bought 300 beds and mattresses and 600 bed sheets. 

On Saturday 21st November, 2015 a group of 50 people planned to tour Commonwealth countries. He slashed the list to four, saving 600m. 

No more workshops and seminars in expensive hotels, use board rooms.

No more sitting allowances. Scrapped tax exemptions, all citizens must pay, regardless of status

Visited the Muhimbili Hospital unannounced and toured the “parts they do not show VIPS”. Fired the Director, board and ordered that all non-functional machines should be repaired in two weeks. 
Did not use a private jet to opening of Parliament, drove to Dodoma.

He also reduced  the size of the Presidential convoy and traveling delegation.

His motto is: Hapa Kazi Tu = “HERE, ALL WE DO IS WORK/ SERVE!”

I applaud the men’s President and wish him all the luck in his endeavors to lead his country to prosperity. It will not be easy especially with his style of leadership but he seems fearless and that is the main ingredient  for change. 

Africa has been too long dependent on so called foreign aid  for its economic and social development, aid that has been controversial in both method and means. President Magulufi seems determined to break that dependency on  foreign aid that comes not only  with hidden costs but also  disguised as helping hands when in fact it is nothing but poisonous kool- aid. 

Thanks NeoMakeba for original post.



In 1998 Yoweri Museveni, the president of Uganda, told an audience including Bill Clinton: “African chiefs were the ones waging war on each other and capturing their own people and selling them. If anyone should apologize it should be the African chiefs. We still have those traitors here even today.”

Those words from the Ugandan President, though strikingly critical, remains the signature truth of what can be called one of the greatest crime against humanity in the history of the world. Without a doubt, the traders benefited from the help of their local counterparts as someone had to find the stock.

It is a fallacy of history to say slavery started when the Europeans came. In fact it didn’t as before the Europeans came , a form of ‘slavery’ had existed in Africa.

Slavery within Africa was different. A slave might be enslaved in order to pay off a debt or pay for a crime. Slaves in Africa lost the protection of their family and their place in society through enslavement. But eventually they or their children might become part of their master’s family and become free. (Discovering Bristol)

In the humanity of Life it can be said some are born to reign, some are born to be leaders  and some are born to have leaders thrust  upon them.

An economic system where people are segregated into caste and as such their life of poverty enshrined in their very existence , was the ideology that created this system of slavery.  Indeed this ideology still exist in 2015; money trumps people.

The first black slaves brought to Jamaica did not come directly from Africa but were either Africans, or the descendants of Africans, who had been enslaved for a time in Spain. In 1518 King Charles I of Spain (Ferdinand’s successor) signed a four-year contract, allowing an annual supply of 4,000 African slaves to enter Hispaniola, Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico. After that, slaves were taken directly from Africa.

More than 1 million slaves are estimated to have been transported directly from Africa to Jamaica during the period of slavery; of these, 200,000 were re-exported to other places in the Americas.

During the 17th and 18th centuries, the Akan, Ga, and Adangbe from the northwestern coastal region known as the Gold Coast (Ghana) dominated the slave trade to the island. They frequently rebelled and joined the Maroons who had escaped the plantations and lived in mountains. As result of this, the plantation owners decided to enforce other groups from West Africa in an attempt to diffuse the Akans.

After 1776, slaves were “imported” from other parts of Africa- Ga and Adangbe people from Toga, Yorubas and Igbos from the Bight of Biafra (Nigeria) and Kongos from Central Africa and they outnumbered the slaves from the Gold Coast. The demand for slaves required about 10,000 to be imported annually.

In the British mind, slaves were no more than property and merchandise to be bought and sold. On this premise, the British enacted a whole system of slave laws aimed primarily at policing slaves. In general, the premise that slaves were no more than property allowed slave owners to treat them brutally. The severity of this brutality varied. Slaves on large sugar estates generally suffered the harshest punishments, while those on smaller estates and in towns received somewhat better treatment.

Since their arrival on the island, blacks had resisted their enslavement. They engaged in what is referred to as atomized forms of resistance, such as foot dragging (work slowdowns, or ‘go-slows’), destruction of property, theft, absenteeism from work, and the covert murder of whites. But resistance also took the forms of large-scale rebellions and establishment of maroon communities.

By December 1833 there was a Bill for the abolition of slavery, and it became effective on August 1, 1834. At that time all slaves became apprentices. They remained working for the same slave masters. The system was a failure, and that too was abolished. Slaves received their unrestricted freedom on August 1, 1838.

When Britain abolished the institution of slavery in 1834, Jamaica had a population of more than 311,000 slaves and only about 16,700 whites. Unlike other groups of people who came to Jamaica, including the Jews, Indians, Lebanese / Syrians and Chinese, they had no assets, no property or businesses and most of all, no land.

It can be debated whether the leaders of  Jamaican independence are at fault for the continuation in some ways of this ‘caste system’, where the Africans, now ‘independent’ were far from real economic wealth and freedom.

Indeed Bustamante and Manley the ‘fathers’ of the nation of Jamaica seemed to champion the inhumane and squalid state of the Jamaican poor to the wretched social and economic conditions of colonialism. They championed workers rights and ‘never lost sight’ of the poverty that surrounded the people.

However setting people free without wealth is like setting a boat assail without an engine. It drifts, waiting for a wind of opportunity, never to move an inch. At the very least upon independence all Jamaicans should have been granted land to start their homes. Nothing really changed on August 6,1962 except the flag.

Marcus Garvey, the other leader we hear so little of in the independent struggle of  Jamaica , saw the problem of slavery from a different perspective. Maybe because he was also a black man who lived and experienced the scourge of slavery and the caste system, he championed the black man to be land owners as well as the  repatriation to Africa.   To say he was at odds with Bustamante and Manley was to describe it lightly.

“No man can convince me contrary to my belief, because my belief is founded upon a hard and horrible experience”. “The world has made being black a crime, and I have felt it in common with men who suffer like me, instead of making it a crime I hope to make it a virtue”.(Marcus Garvey)

Three different ideologies, three different perspectives, one real fact- the majority of Jamaicans today are still affected and live on the same system that caused their fore-fathers to be implanted here, the social caste. As it was then as it is now, there will always be the have and the have nots. Democratic socialism, capitalism, unionism, religiousness, communism, call it whatever you will, people live and survive in Jamaica and the world by extension, not on a class system, but on a caste system. It is sadly humanity’s obsession.

Thanks NeoMakeba for original post


Lying 1500 miles West pf Africa and some 1700 miles East of South America lies an island so remote , it is probably one of the only places that has no TV, no internet or no telephones. It is Tristan da Cunha, an English colony that has remained so since the 1800’s. Watch this interesting documentary of this island where there are no thieves, no crime, only one doctor, and the people refuse to leave.


The camel trek at Prospect Plantation in St. Mary has got to be Jamaica’s most unlikely activities. Apparently the British brought camels to Jamaica in the 18th century to work the sugar plantations. But they swiftly died out due to overwork and improper care. Prospect’s gentle dromedaries, which are imported from the U.S., perform far less rigorous work, transporting people on leisurely rides through the working estate. 

Its exhilerating . To think that you are in the Caribbean bundled with sun, sand and sea and now you can cater to your exotic fantasy of a Camel ride makes your vacation euphoric. Only offered at Prospect, the camel ride takes visitors across the lush landscape dressed with  myriad of fruit trees and undulating small hills. 

My ride on a camel was tricky at best and frightening at worse. The hump is not a comfortable place to sit, especially for a  Western gentleman not dressed for the ride. The rise of the camel rocked you like an earthquake under your feet, forcing you to hold tight to prevent a fall. And when the camel is upright on all fours, the sight below is similar to looking down the Eifel  or the Emprie State. But hanging on to dear life was not an option for me. It was necessary, it was my security, it was my reassurance of an unexpected experience for a boy from Jamaica. And the Sahara was a welcoming reminder that if I fall, it would be pure cushion. I will never forget that experience.

Take that experience to an island in the Caribbean. 

Jamaica is full of the unexpected and the essence of a great vacation is to experience the unexpected. The Prospect camel ride is one such thrill every curious visitor should not only seek, but ensure that on their bucket list they can mark off under Jamaica – had a thrilling walk up the Falls, amazing Negril sunset, delicious jerk and thirst quenching Red Stripe and oh yes a camel ride in the hills of St. Ann and  What a ride that was ! 




1. The Gambia has only one university.

2. Equatorial Guinea is Africa’s only Spanish speaking country.

3. South Africa is the most visited African country.

4. Nigeria has the richest Black people in Africa.

5. Samuel Eto’o is the highest paid Footballer of all time, he received about £350,000 weekly in Russia in 2011.

6. A person from Botswana is called a Motswana, the plural is Botswana.

7. A person from Lesotho is called a Motsotho.

8. A person from Niger is called a Nigeren.

8. A person from Burkina Faso is called a Burkinabe.

9. Nigeria has won more football cups than England.

10. Zimbabwe’s President, Robert Gabriel Mugabe is the world’s most educated President with 7 degrees, two of them are Masters.

11. Al-Ahly of Egypt is the richest club in Africa.

12. Didier Drogba is Chelsea’s highest goalscorer in European competition.

13. Johannesburg, South Africa is the most visited city in Africa.

14. Zinedine Zidane wanted to play for Àlgeria, but the selector rejected him, saying they are already many players like him in the team.

15. President Jacob Zuma was given a special award by Fifa for refereeing on Robben Island during his years as a political prisoner.

16. President Robert Mugabe was jailed for 11 years for fighting for freedom.

17. President Robert Mugabe is Africa’s oldest Head of State and the world’s second oldest Head of State. He was born in 1924.

18. The Seychelles are the most educated Africans. Seychelles’ literacy rates (Adult: 92%, Youth: 99%) Zimbabwe is 2nd (Adult: 91.2%,Youth: 99%).

19. Rwanda is a better country for gender equality than England and USA.

20. Somalia got its first ATM on October 7, 2014.

21. South Africa has the most Grammy award winners in Africa.

22. Ethiopia has the most airports in Africa.

23. Ethiopia’s economy is growing faster than China’s.

24. Eritrea’s President, Isaias Afwerki is the least richest President in Africa.

25. Ethiopia is Africa’s oldest independent country, it has existed for over 3,000 years without being colonised.

26. Haile Selassie 1 was the 225th and last Emperor of Ethiopia.

27. Nigeria has the most monarchs in the world.

28. Angola has more Portuguese speakers than Portugal.

29. President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos has ruled Angola since 1979.

30. President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo is Africa’s longest serving Head of State. He has ruled Equatorial Guinea since August 3, 1979 when he overthrew his uncle, Francisco Nguema. His son, Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue is his Vice President and will succeed him if he resigns. He started ruling Dos Santo

31. George Weah of Liberia is the first man to win World, European and African footballer of the year in the same year.

32. Swaziland is the only remaining absolute mornach in the world.

33. The Gambia is the smallest country in Africa followed by Swaziland.

34. King Sobhuza ll of Swaziland took the longest time in reigning Swaziland, 62 years as he was crowned in 1921 and died in August 1982 at the age of 83 years.

34.1. King Sobhuza II of swaziland, married 70 wives, who gave him 210 children between 1920 and 1970.

35. Zimbabwe is the only country in the world were almost everyone was a billionaire at one point



   The Afar (Danakil) claim to be descendants of Ham (Noah’s son). They are located in the East African countries of Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. They prefer to be known as the Afar, since the Arabic word “danakil” is an offensive term to them. They are a proud people, emphasizing a man’s strength and bravery. Prestige comes from killing one’s enemies. 

The Afar consist of two subgroups: the Asaemara (“red ones”), who are the more prestigious and powerful nobles living primarily in the area of Assayita; and the Adaemara (“white ones”), who are the commoners living in the desert areas. Those who live in the desert inhabit one of the most rugged regions in the world, known as the Afar Plain or the Danakil Desert. One area, called the Danakil Depression, consists of a vast plain of salt pans and active volcanoes. Much of it lies 200 feet below sea level and has daily temperatures as high as 125 degrees F. The average yearly rainfall is less than seven inches
What Are Their Lives Like?

Most of the Afar are nomads who herd sheep, goats, cattle, and camels. A man’s wealth is measured by the size of his herds. 

Not all of the Afar are herdsmen. Many of those who work in the Danakil Depression pry loose slabs of solid salt during the dry season, supplying ready-to-use salt in the form of crude blocks. Some of them live in apartment buildings in the country’s capitol city, Addis Ababa. They remain there year round and work in government jobs such as the Afar broadcasts of the Ethiopian radio station. 

Although some Muslims are permitted to have four wives, Afar marriages are usually monogamous. Girls may marry as early as age ten. Marriages between first cousins are preferred, particularly between a man and his father’s sister’s daughter. The night of the full moon is favored for a wedding ceremony, and the presence of someone able to read the Koran is required. 

Meat and milk are the major components of the Afar diet. Milk is also an important social “offering”. For instance, when a guest is given fresh warm milk to drink, the host is implying that he will provide immediate protection for the guest. If a person is killed while under the protection of an Afar, his death must be avenged as if he were a member of the clan. 

The Afar live in camps surrounded by thorn barricades, which protect them from the attacks of wild animals or enemy tribesmen. Their oval-shaped huts, called ari, are made of palm mats and are easily moved
What Are Their Beliefs?

Early in their history, the Afar were heavily influenced by the Islamic religion; and today, Islam is still held in great esteem. The people do not eat pork and rarely drink alcohol. Those who can afford to do so, make a pilgrimage to Mecca. In addition, many pre-Islamic beliefs and customs are also prevalent among the Afar. They believe that certain trees and groves have sacred powers. They also have various religious rites such as anointing their bodies with ghee (a type of butter). Spirits of the dead are believed to be very powerful, and a “feast of the dead”, called Rabena, is celebrated each year. They also give annual offerings to the sea to ensure safety for their villages. Many people wear protective leather amulets that contain herbs and verses from the Koran.

What Are Their Needs?

Because the Afar are a proud, independent people, they have had a very turbulent history. In recent times, the government has built houses with kitchens and bathrooms – luxuries previously unknown to these nomads. 

Only one large river, the Awash, flows through the Danakil Desert. However, it dwindles into a series of lakes before ever reaching the sea. Consequently, there is a great need for pure water sources for the Danakil and their herds. In recent years, they have suffered because of famines and drought.


streetboysIt is said the poorest people are those that due to their economic reality will have the highest statistics of child abuse, broken homes, lack of good health care, limited education, lack of financial resources and  affected by crime and violence. When you see this video this data is proven once again that the poor plays Russian roulette as a daily activity. Their lives are measured in days, and if at the end of 24 hours you survive, it is a good day.

The street boys in Jamaica are not unusual to this island. They are everywhere in the world. It is a societal scrounge that is often great  political talk but never seems to  gather strength to find a  solution.  There are certain problems society face that are solvable. This is one of them.  We wonder why we have the problems we do? Well this is one reason. Where justice is denied, poverty enforced, ignorance prevails and where one class is made to feel that society is an organized conspiracy to oppress, rob and degrade them , neither persons, property, life or society is safe. It takes a mind of exceptional courage and fortitude to avert the danger.

Can this be a problem solved? Watch and share your views.




Meet Mama Brown. Mama Brown is 115  years old. That’s right, 115 

Her age makes her the sixth oldest person in the world, just two years behind the world’s current oldest person,  Osaka, Japan’s Misao Okawa whose birth date is listed at March 5, 1898.

She is also one of few people in the world who can claim to have lived in a part of three centuries.

Born on March 10th, 1900, which is the last year of the 19th century, she lived through all of the 20th century and we are now in the 21st century.

Incredibly, Brown’s firstborn Harold Fairweather will turn 95 in April and is believed to be the world’s oldest living child with a parent that still lives.

Brown has been described as a “kind shopkeeper” in the community, and still walks with assistance and reads without the use of glasses. 

Mama Brown represents a member of a generation whose voice has been silenced and left in history books that we don’t read. I hope she is recorded for her words and thoughts on how life was when she was a young girl and now, when she is in her 3rd generation.